*An African wildcat spray-marking a 3-mercapto-3-methylbutanol dispenser after having sniffed it.

(2.5MB, 00:00:11)
撮影場所:Northern Botswana

Peter Apps

種類:Felis silvestris cafra
キーワード:tomcat thiol semiochemical pheromone CAS 34300-94-2

動物界 >脊索動物門 >哺乳綱 >食肉目 >ネコ科 >ネコ属 >

The video opens with an adult African wildcat (Felis silvestris cafra) sniffing the head of a scent dispenser emitting 3-mercapto-3-methylbutanol until time stamp 02:05:12, it then walks past the dispenser and at 02:05:15 it crouches slightly, lifts its tail and sprays urine onto the head of the dispenser until 02:05:18, then walks away. Infrared video shot by a Bushnell Trophycam camera trap.

Below is the abstract from the article containing this video:

The scent of 3-mercapto-3-methylbutanol (3-M-3-MB), a volatile component of leopard (Panthera padres) and domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) urine, released at about 10 ng/s from slow-release dispensers, elicited scent-marking from African civet (Civettictis civetta), small-spotted genet (Genetta genetta) and slender mongoose (Galerella sanguinea), as well as African wildcat (F. s. cafra). A female leopard was apparently repelled by the scent. The scent-marking and scent-rubbing by species other than African wildcats and leopards were unexpected and have important implications for the design of studies to investigate chemical communication between wild mammals and the use of camera traps to estimate animal numbers. Videos showing the behaviours referred to in this article are available at; http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo161223fs01a; http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo161223gs01a; http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo161223gg01a.

Peter Apps, Megan Claase, Ben Yexley, and J. Weldon McNutt (2017)
Interspecific responses of wild African carnivores to odour of 3- mercapto-3-methylbutanol, a component of wildcat and leopard urine. J Ethol. 10.1007/s10164-016-0503-7