*Video 5 Bobcat Scraping

(5.4MB, 00:00:12)
撮影場所:Santa Cruz, California, USA

Max Allen

種類:Lynx rufus
キーワード:Bobcat Lynx rufus scraping scent marking communication

動物界 >脊索動物門 >哺乳綱 >食肉目 >ネコ科 >オオヤマネコ属 >

An example of a bobcat scraping. We defined scraping as when a bobcat scraped in substrate with their hind feet and then sometimes urinated and/or defecated on the scraped mound of material.

Below is the abstract from the article containing this video:

Intraspecific communication by solitary felids is not well understood, but it is necessary for mate selection and to maintain social organization. We used motion-triggered video cameras to study the use of communication behaviors in bobcats (Lynx rufus), including scraping, urine spraying, and olfactory investigation. We found that olfactory investigation was more commonly used than any other behavior and that -contrary to previous research- scraping was not used more often than urine spraying. We also recorded the use of cryptic behaviors, including body rubbing, claw marking, flehmen response, and vocalizations. Visitation was most frequent during January, presumably at the peak of courtship and mating, and visitation become more nocturnal during winter and spring. Our results add to the current knowledge of bobcat communication behaviors, and suggest that further study could enhance our understanding of how communication is used to maintain social organization. Videos relating to the behaviors in this article are available at:http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo141104bn01a, http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo141104bn02a, http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo141104lr01a, http://www. momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo141104lr02a, http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo141104lr03a and http://www.momo-p.com/showdetail-e.php?movieid=momo141104lr04a.

Maximilian L. Allen, Cody F. Wallace and Christopher C. Wilmers (in press)
Patterns in bobcat (Lynx rufus) scent marking and communication behaviors. J Ethol. DOI 10.1007/s10164-014-0418-0